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Aim:

At least seven North American tribes specifically mention the use of Eryngium (typically roots) as an anti-snake venom therapy. As snake envenomation is an endemic, life-threatening medical risk, is there a scientific basis for the Native American ethnomedicine? Could this be demonstrated in an assay amenable to mechanistic evaluation and high throughput screening for later isolation and possible evaluation as a source for a lead drug?

Materials and Methods:
Proteases, mainly...
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Sea turtles are vulnerable to climate change impacts in both their terrestrial (nesting beach) and oceanic habitats. From 1982 to 2012, air and sea surface temperatures at major high use foraging and nesting regions (n = 5) of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) nesting in Greece have steadily increased. Here, we update the established relationships between sea surface temperature and nesting data from Zakynthos (latitude: 37.7°N), a major nesting beach, while also expanding these analyses to include precipitation and air temperature and additional...
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In organisms with temperature-dependent sex determination, the incubation environment plays a key role in determining offspring sex ratios. Given that global temperatures have warmed approximately 0.6 °C in the last century, it is necessary to consider how organisms will adjust to climate change.

To better understand the degree to which mothers influence the sex ratios of their offspring, we use 24 years of nesting data for individual female loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) observed on Bald Head Island, North Carolina. We find that maternal...
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Aeromonas
is regarded as an important pathogen of freshwater animals but little is known about the genetics of its antimicrobial resistance in Chinese aquaculture. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of integrons and characterize multidrug resistant Aeromonas spp. isolated from diseased farmed freshwater animals.

These animal samples included fish, ornamental fish, shrimp, turtles, and amphibians which were collected from 64 farms in Guangdong province of South China. One hundred and twelveAeromonas spp. isolates were...
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Reproductive failure in sows is one of the most important factors affecting pig breeding. Many reproductive disorders are linked to both environmental factors and infectious agents.

The goal of our study was to determine the presence of pathogens that are known to cause abortion, considering a set of conditioning factors, such as seasonality and pregnancy period. A large number of aborted fetuses (1,625 fetuses from 140 farms) from a high-density breeding area in northern Italy was analyzed for a period of 3 years. The pigs were diagnosed based on direct...
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OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the diagnostic potential of the concentrations of acute-phase proteins serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp), and fibrinogen in blood and peritoneal fluid (PF) for differentiating horses with inflammatory colic (entero-colitis and peritonitis) from those with surgical colic.

DESIGN:
Prospective observational multicenter study.

SETTING:
Two university referral hospitals.

ANIMALS:
Horses referred for severe acute abdominal pain to Hospital 1...
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Kimberly Woodruff, DVM, MS, Mississippi State University,
John Thomason, DVM, MS, DACVIM, Mississippi State University

OVERVIEW
Chlamydophila felis is an intracellular, gram-negative, rod-shaped coccoid bacterium capable of infecting cats of all ages, but cats <1 year of age are at greater risk for infection.1 Recently, a nomenclature change was proposed to classify all Chlamydiaceae species in a single genus, Chlamydia,2 with C felisspecifically adapted to cats.1 Transmission of C felis infection requires...
Nicola Ackerman, BSc (Hons), RVN, CertSAN, CertVNECC, VTS (Nutrition), The Veterinary Hospital Group

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Indications for urinary catheters include urinary obstruction, urinary trauma, voiding disorders, urine diversion during or after surgery, and the need to monitor urine production.1 Guidelines exist for urethral catheterization in humans,2 and general principles from these have been adapted for urethral catheter management in dogs and cats....
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Australian (NSW) Oath

I solemnly swear to practice veterinary science ethically and conscientiously for the benefit of animal welfare, animal and human health, users of veterinary services and the community. I will endeavour to maintain my practice of veterinary science to current professional standards and will strive to improve my skills and knowledge through continuing professional development. I acknowledge that along with the privilege of acceptance into the veterinary profession comes community...