Overview of Lyme Disease in Dogs
Steven A. Levy, VMD, Veterinary Clinical & Consulting Services, LLC, Durham, Connecticut
Canine Lyme disease is most commonly diagnosed as a limb or joint abnormality (ie, Lyme arthritis), a less common but often fatal kidney failure syndrome, a rare cardiac form, or an also rare neurologic abnormality. The disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and vectored by Ixodes scapularis in the eastern half of the United States and I pacificus on the west coast.
Canine Lyme arthritis patients present with lameness, fever, swollen joints (often carpus or tarsus), a reluctance to move, and inappetence.1